Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://krishikosh.egranth.ac.in/handle/1/5810092253
Authors: TEJASWINI, E.
Title: EVALUATION OF INDIRAMMA AMRUTHA HASTHAM PROGRAMME AND IT’S IMPACT ON PREGNANT AND LACTATING WOMEN IN KARIMNAGAR DISTRICT,TELANGANA
Publisher: PROFESSOR JAYASHANKAR TELANGANA STATE AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY
Citation: D 10,220
Language: en
Type: Thesis
Pages: 92p.
Agrotags: null
Keywords: EVALUATION OF INDIRAMMA AMRUTHA HASTHAM PROGRAMME AND IT’S IMPACT ON PREGNANT AND LACTATING WOMEN IN KARIMNAGAR DISTRICT,TELANGANA
Abstract: Pregnancy is a demanding physiological state. In India, it is observed that diets of women from the low socioeconomic groups are essentially similar during pre-pregnant, pregnant and lactating periods. Consequently, there is widespread maternal malnutrition leading to high prevalence of low birth weight infants and very high maternal mortality. Additional foods are required to improve weight gain in pregnancy (10-12 Kg) and birth weight of infants (about 3 Kg). It is hence important to ensure provision of extra food and healthcare to pregnant and lactating women. The present research work was designed to evaluate the one full meal supplied through Indiramma Amrutha Hastham (IAH) and assess the nutritional status of pregnant and lactating women in ICDS project areas of Karimnagar district, Telangana. Government of India has been making several efforts in developing health and population policies. However, there are several problems in the implementation of appropriate interventions due to poverty, gender discrimination, illiteracy in the population (Buckshee 1997). The literacy level of women can affect reproductive behavior, use of contraceptives, health and upbringing of children, proper hygienic practices, access to employment and overall status of women in the society. Nutrition education is an essential component in improving dietary habits and food choices, to reverse the under nutrition and improve the nutritional diagnosis. Poor dietary habits and lack of physical activity can be the main reason for poor xiii nutritional status, among pregnant and lactating women. Nutrition education is a process by which people are assisted in making decisions about consumption of food. The study was conducted in both of Huzurabad and Husnabad mandals of Karimnagar district of Telangana state where the ICDS project of IAH in operation. The aim of IAH to study the acceptability of one full meal and assess the nutritional status of the pregnant and lactating women. Two mandals were selected in tribal and rural areas. In two mandals (Husnabad, Huzurabad) were selected for the study. The samples were selected has 30 pregnant and 30 lactating women from each mandal . Samples of the study were selected from all income groups of II and III trimester of pregnancy and 0-6th months of Lactating women .Sixty pregnant and sixty lactating women were selected for the study. The purpose of the study was explained to the anganwadi workers and subjects. The meal under IAH includes one egg and 200 ml of milkdaily along with rice, dal and vegetables (with green leafy vegetables at least thrice a week). The meal provided more than 40% of the daily calorie/ protein/calcium requirement of the Pregnant and Lactating women. Procurement of certain food commodities such as eggs, milk, condiments and vegetables have been entrusted to the federations of SHGs at the village level known as the Village Organization (VO) and the required amount is transferred as an advance into their account. Among the respondents studied 76.66% (n=23) and 46.66% (n=14) members in the age group of 23-26 were pregnant and lactating mothers in rural area. Only 3.33%(n=1)members in rural area of pregnant women were above 27 age group whereas the age groups of 19-22 and 27-30 each have a lowest of 26.66% (n=8) members of lactating mothers in rural area. The overall 70% (n=21) and 66.66% (n=20) members in tribal area of pregnant women and lactating mothers respectively in between the 23-26 age group. A lowest 30% (n=9) members in tribal area of pregnant women were of 19-22 age group whereas 10% (n=3) members in tribal area of lactating mothers were 27-30 age group. In rural area of Huzurabad mandal a highest percentage 73.3% (n=22) and 80% (n=24) of pregnant women and lactating mothers respectively were of Backward Class (BC) whereas only 6.66% (n=2) and 3.33% (n=1) of pregnant women and lactating mothers respectively were Scheduled Tribes (ST).A few were of OC and SC castes but there are mothers with other caste. A majority of 63.33% (n=19) and 96.66%(n=29) of pregnant women and lactating mothers respectively were of Scheduled Tribes (ST) in the tribal area of Husnabad mandal whereas only 3.33% (n=1) each of pregnant women and lactating mothers were of Backward Class (BC) and Scheduled Caste (SC) respectively. In this area a few pregnant women were of OC and SC castes but there were no pregnant women and also lactating mothers of other castes. The overall data on education qualification in rural area of Huzurabad mandal indicates that a majority of 26.66% (n=8) and 36.66% (n=11) of pregnant women and lactating mothers respectively were with educational qualification of high school and >10th respectively. A majority of 43.33% (n=13) and 36.66% (n=11) of pregnant women and lactating mothers respectively were with educational qualification of >10th in the tribal area of Husnabad mandal. About 13.33% (n=4) and 26.66% (n=8) of pregnant women and lactating mothers respectively in rural area were with educational qualification of college and above which is significantly higher when compared to those in tribal area which is 10% xiii (n=3) same for both pregnant women and lactating mothers. When the illiterates in both the rural and tribal areas are compared they were relatively high in tribal area of about 6.66% (n=2) which was nil in rural area for lactating mothers whereas in the case of pregnant women they were relatively same in both the areas i.e. 3.33% (n=1). The religion data of pregnant women and lactating mothers indicates that a majority were Hindus of about 96.66% (n=29) and 93.33% (n=28) respectively in rural area whereas in tribal area 100% of pregnant women and lactating mothers were Hindus. A majority of pregnant women and lactating mothers in both rural and tribal areas were of nuclear families which were 53.33% (n=16) and 56.66% (n=17) respectively in rural area whereas 50% (n=15) and 43.33% (n=13) in tribal area. The pregnant women and lactating mothers of joint families are 46.66% (n=14) and 43.33% (n=13) respectively in rural area whereas 46.66% (n=14) and 50% (n=15) in tribal area indicating the decline in joint families in both the areas accompanied by gradual increase in nuclear families. Through IAH they are providing rice, dhal, milk, eggs, vegetables which is essential for pregnant and lactating women these provides energy , protein and calcium requirements of the pregnant and lactating women, whereas in THR they provides rice, red gram dhal and eggs. The nutritional composition is better in IAH when compared with THR.
Subject: Agricultural Business Management
Theme: SCHOOL OF AGRIBUSINESS MANAGEMENT
These Type: M.B.A.
Issue Date: 2017
Appears in Collections:Theses

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