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Publisher: PVNR TVU
Language: en
Type: Thesis
Pages: 101
Agrotags: null
Abstract: The present clinical study was conducted on six young dogs presented with distal radial fractures to Department of Surgery and Radiology at College of Veterinary Science Rajendranagar, Hyderabad. The age of the six dogs ranged from 3-16 months. Out of these six dogs, one was female and the remaining are males. Among the six dogs, two dogs belonged to the Spitz breed and one each belonged to German shepherd and Rottweiler and two dogs were of non-descript breed. The body weight of the dogs ranged from 5 to 14 kg. The six cases of distal radial fractures were diagnosed by clinical signs, orthopaedic examination and survey radiography. The symptoms observed in the dogs presented for treatment were pain on manipulation, abnormal angulation, and lameness immediately after traumatic injury, swelling, non-weight bearing, dangling of the limb and crepitation at the fracture site. Pre-operative radiographic examination in two orthogonal views, i.e., antero-posterior and medio-lateral radiographs revealed transverse fractures of distal radius in two dogs, oblique fractures in three dogs and spiral fracture in one dog. All the six dogs had closed fractures. These fractures stabilized with 2.0 mm and 2.7 mm mini T-plates produced rigid fracture fixation in all the six dogs. Selection of plate and screws were determined on the basis of the weight of the dog and the size of the bone, as measured on the radiographs. Cranio-medial approach used provided good exposure of the fracture site and enabled good fracture fixation. Post-operative radiographic examination showed good apposition and alignment of the fracture fragments in all the six dogs. Immobilization provided by both the 2.0 mm and 2.7 mm mini T-plates was considered satisfactory in all the six cases. Follow-up radiographs taken on 7th, 15th, 30th and 45th post-operative days revealed primary bone healing with minimal callus formation. The mini T-plates and screws used for fixation of fractures in all six cases were in position and provided stability of the fractures treated. All the dogs which were diagnosed for distal radial fractures showed grade V lameness before surgical management. Postoperatively, all cases progressed to grade I lameness by the end of 30th post-operative day. Serum biochemical evaluation revealed that the serum alkaline phosphatase and serum calcium values significantly increased from day 0 to 14th day and thereafter reached to normal values by 45th postoperative day. Whereas serum phosphorous values showed no significant variation and the values were within the normal range. Based on present study it was concluded that mini T-plates were found suitable for the treatment of distal radial fractures in puppies and small breed dogs, particularly when the distal fragment of radius is very small. The implant used in this technique was economical, making it amenable to use in veterinary practice.
Subject: Veterinary Surgery and Radiology
Theme: VSR
These Type: M.V.Sc.
Issue Date: 2018-01-18
Appears in Collections:Thesis

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