Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://krishikosh.egranth.ac.in/handle/1/5810082959
Authors: Kumari, Seema
Advisor: Singh, Usha
Title: Impact of mother’s Education and Nutritional knowledge on preschool children’s Health
Publisher: Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Pusa, Samastipur
Language: en
Type: Thesis
Pages: 69+vii
Agrotags: null
Keywords: Child care, Child health, Motherhood, Education, Nutritional knowledge,
Abstract: The present study entitled “Impact of mother’s Education and Nutritional knowledge on preschool children’s Health.” has been taken up with the following objectives- To study the socio- economic status of selected preschool- children’s family, To assess their anthropometric, clinical and dietary status, To assess the nutritional knowledge of their mother, To correlate their socio-economic, dietary and nutritional knowledge with nutritional status or health status of preschool children, To create awareness among mothers of the preschool children on enlisted observation. For this study in Pusa block, four schools were selected from which 30 male children and 30 female children of preschooler child. For this purpose, interview schedule was developed and nutritional status of the subjects were evaluated through anthropometric measurements. Measurement of height, weight, MUAC, vaccination, BMI, hemoglobin level, Blood pressure, and 24 hours dietary recall method. Out of total subject, the age of majority of the preschool child i.e. 36.67 percent were of above 3 to 4 years. In terms of religion, 95 percent belonged to the Hindu religion. Majority of child i.e. 95 percent were non vegetarian. The age of majority of preschooler mother i.e. 75 percent were18-25 years, 48.37 percent mother were graduate and above and 83.33 were percent housewives. In family profile, 63.63 percent children belonged to the nuclear family (5 family members) and 53.33 percent family have monthly income of Rs5000- 20,000 and 60 percent child ‘s father occupation was private or government service. In anthropometric measurement 73.33 per cent male children and 50 per cent of female children fall in the range of 15-20 kg body weight. In terms of height, majority of male children i.e. 73.33 per cent male and 70 per cent female children fall within the range of 95-100 cm.. In terms MUAC 93.34 per cent male children and 76.67 per cent female children had MUAC above 13.5cm. In anthropometric measurement of mother, 40 percent mothers have body weight 50-60 kg, In terms of height, 56.67 percent of mothers fall under the range of 145-155cm.Majority of mother (60 percent) come under BMI range of 18.5-25.0 (normal category). The hemoglobin estimation showed that 46.67 per cent of mother had hemoglobin level 10-12g/dl. The blood pressure showed that range of systolic pressure in the category of <120, =120, >120 was 80, 3.33 and 16.67 per cent respectively. The percentage of mothers were 60,20,20 for diastolic pressure <80,=80, > 80 respectively. In terms of clinical status 10 per cent male children and 6.67 per cent female children were having bleeding gum and 3.33 per cent were having male children and 6.67 per cent female children having angular stomatitis, 6.67 per cent of female children having pain and sensation in the arm and leg and both children have 3.33 per cent cheilosis and dry scaly skin. In terms of clinical, status of mother, 10 per cent mothers were having bleeding gum, pain and sensation in the arm and leg, 3.33 percent of mothers were having angular stomatitis, cheilosis, pitting edema and 1.66 percent of mothers were having dry scaly dermatitis and goiter. The overall nutritional knowledge level of 15 per cent of mothers were having high nutritional knowledge, 66.67 percent mothers having medium level of knowledge and 18.33 percent mothers were having low level of knowledge. Majority of mothers were having medium level of knowledge about vitamins (63.33 per cent), minerals (75 per cent), general health (78.34 per cent), importance of mother milk (78.33 per cent), and nutritional deficiency disease (65 per cent) The dietary intakes of nutrient of the subjects of child showed that mean energy was (kcal) 1264±227.60. The protein (g) intake by child was 39.64±8.17. The fat (g) intake was 36.286±8.61 Calcium (mg) and iron (mg). intake was 561 ± 160.32 and 18.105±5.478 respectively. The dietary intake of nutrients of the subject showed that the intake of mothers for mean energy (kcal) was 1815±401.37whereas it 56.088±11.954 for protein (g); 42.002±13.418 for fat (g); 591.839±161.836 for calcium (mg) 30.081±7.146 for iron (mg). The relationship between nutrient intake and nutritional status of mother was found significant at 1 percent with energy intake and 5 percent level of significance respectively with CHO and energy intake. The relation between nutrient intake and nutritional knowledge of mothers was found significant at 1 and 5 percent level with Iron and calcium intake. A significant relation was found between nutrient intake and education level of mother at 1 and 5 percent level of significance with protein, calcium, energy intake. The relation between nutrient intake CHO, energy was found positive and significant at 1 and 5 percent level of significance with family income. The relation between nutrient intake of mothers with family size was found negatively significant at 5 percent level of significance with fat and protein. A significant relation was found between nutritional status of mothers and nutritional knowledge and education level at 5 per cent of level of significance. The relationship between socio economic status and nutritional status of mothers was found significant at 5 percent level of significance with age, religion, and family income. The relationship between blood pressure with nutrient intake of mothers was found significant at1 percent level of significance with iron, fat in diastolic and 5 per cent level of significance with fat in systolic blood pressure. The relationship between blood hemoglobin levels with nutrient intake of mother was found positive and highly significance at 1 percent with iron. The relationship between nutrient intake and nutritional status of preschool children with energy, protein, CHO, fat and iron was found significant at 1 percentlevel. The relationship between nutrient intake of preschool children with nutritional knowledge of mother with protein, CHO. fat and iron was found significant at 1 percent level of significance. The relationship between nutrient intake of preschool children with education level of mother was found significant at 5 percent level of significance.. The relationship between nutrient intake of preschool children with family income was found significant at 1 percent level of with energy, fat and protein and CHO at 5 percent level of significance. The relationship between nutrient intake of preschool children and family size was found significant at 5 percent level of significance with energy and fat intake. A significant positive correlation was found between height, weight and MUAC with intake of protein, CHO calcium, energy, fat and iron at 1 and 5 per cent significance level. A significant found between nutritional status of preschool children with nutritional knowledge of mother at 5 percent level. The relationship between socio- economic and nutritional status of preschool children was found positive and significant with mothers qualification at 1 per cent level. Therefore, it may be concluded that the mother education and nutrition knowledge is an important contributory factor to keep the family and child healthy and help them better performing and better achievement in future.
Subject: Food and Nutrition
Theme: Impact of mother's education and knowledge on children's health
These Type: M.Sc
Issue Date: 2018
Appears in Collections:Thesis

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