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|Authors:||Gaikwad, Rajendra Atmaram|
|Title:||Economic appraisal of agricultural development in beed district of maharashtra|
|Publisher:||Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Krishi Vidyapeeth, Parbhani|
|Keywords:||Economic appraisal, agricultural development, beed district, maharashtra|
|Abstract:||Agriculture is the main occupation and backbone in developing country like India and is a bottleneck in the economic development of the country. Agriculture development plays an important role in the growth of other sectors of economy. Agriculture development means process through which shift takes place from stage of traditional agriculture to stage of modernized agriculture. It includes higher level of foodgrains, fruits, and vegetables and other farm products, high income and better standard of living. Maharashtra plays a major role in economic development of India. In India 9.29 per cent of the total population which occupied by Maharashtra is currently 11.24 corer people with the literacy rate 82.9 per cent. The production of food grain in 2012-2013 expected to register decrease of 23 per cent with the production of 118.09 lakk metric tonnes. Beed district was purposively selected for present study because Beed district has made progress in agricultural development due to increase of irrigation facility through Manjra dam, Bindusara dam, Majalgaon dam. In analytical techniques tabular analysis and functional analysis such as linear and compound growth rate was used to analyze data. Among the Beed districts of the Marathwada region land under forest during 2000-01 was 2.10 per cent and in 2015-16 increased to 2.13 per cent and percentage change during 2015-16 over 2000-01 was 1.18. Under net sown area 66.61 per cent area in 2000-01 while it was 73.17 per cent in 2015-16, it shows that there was increase in area by 6.86 per cent. In Beed area under food grains in 2000-01 was 75.37 per cent while in 2015-16 it was 64.01 per cent and the percentage change was -5.60 per cent of which the percentage change of cereals and pulses were -13.87 and 42.38 per cent, respectively. Consumption of fertilizer in study period was 64.50 kg/ha in 2000-01 to 67.53 kg/ha in 2015-16. The NPK ratio has changed i.e. 65:27:8 to 68:27:5 during the period 2000-01 to 2015-16, respectively. During period of 2000-01 to 2007-2008 (I) the area under forest in Beed was 225.75 thousand ha, which remain change to 227.87 thousand ha in 2008-09 to 2015-16 (II) period and 2000-01 to 2015-16 (overall) period it was again 226.81 thousand ha. The average area under net sown area in period I was 7245.25 thousand ha, which is increased to 7524.50 thousand ha in period II and overall period it was 7384.87 thousand ha and its variability was 1.48, 1.65, and 2.47 per cent in period I, period II and overall period, respectively. The total area under foodgrains had been decreased in the district. It was 6593.25 thousand ha during the period I and it decreased to 5804.62 thousand ha. The area under cultivation during the overall period was 6198.95 thousand ha. The production of total food grain in the district for the study period I was 4442.37 thousand tonnes and it was 3806.62 thousand tonnes for the period II and the total food grain production for the overall period was 4724.50 thousand tonnes. As per the 2001 census human population of Beed was 21.61 lakh which increased to 25.85 lakh in 2011 census which was increased by 19.60 per cent as computed to 2001. The area under Rice cultivation had been negative significant at 5 per cent for I period and negative significant at 1 per cent for II period and overall period. Productivity of rice, maize, wheat, jowar, bajra, total cereal, green gram, black gram, sunflower, Sesamum, soybean, groundnut, rapeseed and mustard and total oilseed remained non-significant during overall periods.|
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis|
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