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|Title:||Prevalence of Equine Gastrointestinal Parasitism with Special Reference to Strongylosis in Central Plain Zone of Punjab|
|Publisher:||Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana|
|Keywords:||Equines, prevalence, Punjab, strongyles, risk factors|
|Abstract:||In the present study a total of 311 faecal samples (190 horses and 121 mules) were collected from six districts (Amritsar, Fatehgarh Sahib, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Patiala and Tarn-taran) from Central Plain Zone of Punjab from July 2013 to August 2014. The samples were examined using standard coprological methods for the presence of helminthic eggs and/or coccidian oocysts. The results revealed an overall prevalence of 27.33% (85/311) for gastrointestinal parasitism in equines of central plain zone of Punjab. Further, highest prevalence of strongyle (27.33%) was recorded including 17.90% of the horses and 42.14% of the mules. In terms of season wise prevalence, the infection rate in case of horses was found to be highest in monsoon (22.58%) followed by summer (15.38%) and least in winter (11.11%) and similar trend was observed for mules but with higher rates (47.05%; 40.47% and 35.71%, respectively). The infection was categorized as rare to mild type as evident from the egg per gram (EPG) of faeces with a mean count of 85.71±21.07 (50-500) for horses while 232.35±31.14 (100-600) for mules. Sex wise, male horses had lower prevalence rate (16.09%) as compared to females (19.42%) and similar trend was observed for mules (43.90% vs 41.00%). District wise, prevalence of strongyle infection in horses and mules was found highest at Tarn-taran (27.78%) and Patiala (48.28%), respectively, while least infection was recorded from Jalandhar (11.76%) and Fatehgarh Sahib (35.0%), respectively. Age group study revealed the highest prevalence rate in 1-4 year old age group and least in = 8 year age group for horses but the trend was exactly reverse for mules. Coproculture studies revealed highest prevalence rates of small strongyles (Cyathostomes) in horses and mules (56% and 46%, respectively), while for large strongyles, Strongylus vulgaris (23% and 29%) was highly prevalent followed by S. edantatus (12% and 17%) and least infection of S. equinus (9% and 8%) in horses and mules, respectively. Among the various risk factors studied, area, season, age and sex of the host had no significant effect on the prevalence of gastrointestinal infection while was statistically significant for equine species (P<0.01)|
|Research Problem:||Introduction, Review of literature, Materials and methods, Results and discussion, Summary, References, Vita|
|Appears in Collections:||Theses|
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