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|Title:||1 STUDY OF THE IMPACT OF PANCHAGANGA CO-OPERATIVE SUGAR FACTORY ON THE AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT AND THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS OF THE FARMERS|
|Publisher:||Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri|
|Keywords:||PANCHAGANGA CO-OPERATIVE SUGAR FACTOR|
|Abstract:||After the independence of India, a massive programme of rural development have been launched. The efforts of Government in this direction have been supplemented by various rural development activities of voluntary organiza tions and corporate bodies. Cooperative Sugar Factories in Maharashtra are playing a vital role in argumenting the progress of rural development. Almost all the cooperative sugar factories in Maharashtra are implementing agricultural development programmes with the objective raising the economic condition as well as for socio-economic transforma tion of the share holders. It was felt necessary to know how far these programmes have been effective to achieve the objective. Therefore, an attempt was made to study the impact of Panchaganga Co-operative Sugar Factory on the agricultural development and socio-economic status of the farmersThe study was conducted in the operational area of the Panchaganga Cooperative Sugar Factory in Kolhapur District of Maharashtra State. Out of the 102 villages, one village each from the nine circles was randomly selected and from these nine villages proportionate number of share holders were randomly selected by 'n'th method. Out of the 157 share holders selected, the data could be actually collected from 152 share holders through structured interview schedule. It was observed that 40 per cent share holders belonged to middle age group, 53 per cent had primary education, 51 per cent had income ranging between Rs.10001 to 23000, 46 per cent had less than 2 ha size of holding, 41 per cent of them were growing sugarcane crop on an area of 1.1 to .2 ha. Majority of share holders (more than 50 per cent) had medium level of social participation, cosmopoliteness and socio-economic status. As regagards knowledge of agricultural development programme of the factory and the extent of programme benefits, it was revealed that more than half of the share holders (56 per cent) belonged to medium knowledge level category and 59 per cent were in medium level of programme benefit category. The cropping pattern of share holders changed after they secured membership of the factory. The agricultural development programmes of the factory resulted in increasing sugarcane yield from 67 tons per hectare to 93 tons per hectare. The percentage share holders having secondary occupation was found to be increased from 24 per cent to 61 per cent. Education, annual income, social participation and cosmopoliteness of the share holders were associated with their level of knowledge about agricultural programmes of the factory. The annual income, area under sugarcane, social participation and socio-economic status of the share holders had an association with the programme benefit obtained by them. The majority of share holders participated in the most of the agricultural programmes of the factory. The socio-economic status of majority of share holders was found to be change from low level to medium level. In short the cooperative sugar factory had been able to change the cropping pattern, increase the average sugarcane production, increase the secondary occupation and improve the socio-economic status of share holders|
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis|
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