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|Advisor:||Deshmukh, K. V.|
|Title:||Trends in arrival and price of dry chilli in selected markets of Karnataka|
|Publisher:||Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Krishi Vidyapeeth, Parbhani|
|Keywords:||SWOT, Warana shrikhandam, Consumers|
|Abstract:||Chilli is a fruit of the plants 'Capcicum annuum' and 'Capsicum frutecens' that come from the genus Capcicum,’ belonging to the family of 'Solanaceae,’ which also includes tomato and potato. Capcicum is derived from the Greek word "Kapsimo" meaning to bite. During 2011-2012, the total area under the dry chilli crops in Karnataka was 1.01 lakh ha. with the production of 1.07 lakh tons and productivity 1115 kg/ha. India is the largest producer of chillies in the world. India claims to have the spices production of 76 lakh MT, consumption of 73 lakh MT and export of 3.8 lakh MT of spices in the world with 57 lakh hectares of land under cultivation. Its production level covers around 1.1 million tons annually. India also has the maximum area dedicated to the production of this crop. The major regions where chilli is cultivated in India are Andra Pradesh (49%), Karnataka (15%), Maharashtra (6%), and Tamil Nadu (3%), which together constitutes nearly 75 per cent of the total area. Andra Pradesh tops the list in Dry chilli production (49%) followed by Tamil Nadu (23%), Karnataka (16%), Orissa (8%) and Maharashtra (7%). In the Indian subcontinent, chillies are produced throughout the year. The study has been undertaken with following objectives To study trends in arrival and price of dry chilli. To know peak and slack period in arrivals and prices of in selected markets of Karnataka. To study market integration in selected markets of Karnataka. The analytical tools were seasonal indices, coefficient of variation, standard deviation, trend, mean, and market integration. An economic analysis of market arrivals and prices assumes special significance in developing economy like India. Seasonal fluctuation is well known feature of Agriculture and also of prices. The extend of fluctuation in market arrivals largely contribute to the price instability of dry chilli. The imperial knowledge of relation between arrivals and prices movements is respectively required over of time. Such studies are useful to formulate economic policies beneficial for consumers, producers, traders and Government, to identify some directions about the degree of competiveness in different markets for dry chilli. It helps the farmer to adopt suitable marketing strategies to maximize their net returns. The highest arrivals of seasonal indices in Hubli market were observed in February (267.31) and the lowest, in October (29.15). With regard to price indices of dry chilli, the highest price was recorded in January (118.97) in laxmeshwar market. In case Byadgi market, the highest arrivals of seasonal indices were observed in March (233.73) and the lean arrivals in September (27.03). Whereas, in Challakere market the highest price indices were noticed in June (111.89) and lowest price indices in April (86.67). The critical analysis showed a gradual increasing trend in arrivals in markets but the price of dry chilli in markets exhibited mild up and down trend equation. Finding of the present study leads to draw some conclusions. In crop wise conditions of coefficient arrivals and prices of dry chilli is analyzed. The negative sign indicates the inverse relationship between arrivals and prices when the market arrivals increase the prices decrease and vice versa. It can be implies that farmer may sell dry chilli produce in the month of February to March. Dry chilli produce has highest price in the month of January to June; there was more profit in storing the commodities. • It was observed from the study that the markets have a strong association between the prices of dry chilli, thereby influencing the prices from one market to other market. This helps to transfer the price signals from one market to another and thereby help in stabilization of prices and create a healthy competitive environment This would also in a long way help to protect the interest of producer- sellers. It is observed that arrivals of dry chilli into the market are more immediately after the harvest which leads to the distress sale. Hence, it requires avail of credit facilities to the farmers so that they can meet their requirements to that period and sale their produce whenever the market prices reaches peak.|
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis|
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