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dc.contributor.advisorChavan, R. V.-
dc.contributor.authorKadam, Swati Ramrao-
dc.description.abstractIndia ranks first in milk production having production 135.5 MT with 17 percent share in the world. In Maharashtra, milk production is 69-lakh tonnes that of milk per annum with per capita availability 281gm/day (Anonymous, 2012). Out of the total milk produced in India, 46 per cent is consumed as liquid milk ,4 per cent converted into western milk products such as milk powders, processed butter and processed cheese and remaining 50 per cent is converted into traditional daily products, out of these 7 per cent of milk is used for the manufacture of khoa based sweets as pedha, burfi, kalakand, milk cake etc. Among various products, from milk, khoa occupies a prominent place in the Indian daily industry. Annually 3. 22000 tonnes of khoa worth ? 256 corers representing about 7 percent of total production of traditional milk products annually produced in India. A number of studies on production and marketing of khoa in different districts have been carried out under different agio climatic conditions in different states of India. For present study, multistage random sampling was adopted. Selection of district, tahasils, village and respondents was 1st 2nd 3rd and 4th stratum. Beed district of Marathwada region was selected purposively for the study, because of maximum number of khoa production units are found in the district. About 30 percent. khoa produced in Marathwada is from Beed district. There are 11 tahsils in Beed district. These tahasils was arranged in descending order of Khoa production and first of theme Dharur tahsil selected having maximum number of Khoa producing units. From selected tahasils, tweleve villages producing maximum khoa were selected purposively. From selected tweleve village 5 khoa respondents was selected randomly. Thus for present study, the total sample size will constitute of 60 khoa producers. The lists of the khoa producers were obtained by personal visit to the respective villages. The required information about production and marketing of khoa was collected from the khoa producers with the help of specially designed pretested schedule. The data for present study will pertain to the year 2012-13 and was collected in the month of Jan-Feb 2014. These khoa producers have the age 59.8 years. In relation to educational level 5.3 scores. Family size was 5.9 members, and land holding was 3.76 total and grazing lands were 0.22 ha. The conclusions drawn from the present study are the 60 sample producers of tweleve villages produced average 6.9 kg of khoa in a day. Overall cost of khoa production per kg in selected samples was ?142.46 milk cost contributed major cost in the khoa production. Overall milk cost was f 102.1. required for one kg khoa. Around 3.8 litre milk required to produce 1 kg of khoa. Overall fuel required for 1 kg of khoa was 5.73 ?. Net return obtained from khoa was ? 25.4, it was concluded that the khoa production was more profitable. In regard to khoa production, it was concluded that net price received by khoa producer was high in channel-I (producer-consumer) and low in channel-IV (producer —commission agent-retailerconsumer). Price spread was observed more in channel-IV and low in channel-I. The major problems faced by khoa producer were high commission charges .Overall marketing cost for one kg of khoa was 3.19 ?. Overall profit per kg of khoa was ? 31.48. The producers share in consumer’s rupee was 90.44 per cent in channel-I.en_US
dc.publisherVasantrao Naik Marathwada Krishi Vidyapeeth, Parbhanien_US
dc.titleEconomics of production and marketing of Khoa in Beed district of Marathwada regionen_US
dc.subAgricultural Economicsen_US
dc.keywordsFungicidal, Mycelial, Germplasm, Bioagents, Phytoextractsen_US
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