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Authors: Chavhal, Shankar Haribhau
Advisor: Katkade, J. L.
Title: Economics of production and marketing soybean in Parbhani district of Maharashtra state
Publisher: Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Krishi Vidyapeeth, Parbhani
Language: en
Type: Thesis
Pages: 90
Agrotags: null
Keywords: Harvesting, Tehsils, Soybean, Margin
Abstract: Soybean (Glycine max l.) is known as ‘golden bean’ in India and most important crop grown in India for dual purposes that is oil seed as well as pulse crop. Ii is important natural source of protein with number of amino acids essential for good health. Soybean is grown successfully in various agro climatic conditions, though, soybean is legume crop, but it is widely used as oil seed crop. Soybean contains 40 percent protein, 18-20 percent oil and other essential amino acids and vitamins. Soybean is kharif legume crop. It fixes nitrogen from atmosphere to soil up to 15 to 30 kg per hectare per year. They valued for protein rich food feed and fodder therefore have been rightly described as unique "Jewell of Indian" Crop husbandry. Multistage sampling design will be adopted for present study, the soybean crop will be selected, hi first stage Parbhani district will be selected purposively because soybean are grown on large scale in the district In second stage two talukas Viz Parbhani and Puma will be selected. In Third stage from each talukas four villages will be selected. List of farmers soybean growers will be collected from revenue record of each village and from each village ten cultivator’s growing soybean will be selected constituting a total sample size 80. The majority of respondents were in middle age group (43.75 per cent). In respect of educational status 68.75 per cent respondents were attended high school. Average size of family was 8.0 and 72.5 per cent respondents reported that they had agriculture as a main occupation. Average livestock position with the selected farmers was 1.3. The proportion of bullock was higher than that of other animals. Average size of holding of soybean growers was 3.01 ha of which net sown area were 2.92 ha. The cropping intensity was 148.28 per cen. The average area under soybean was 1.5 ha. The gross cropped area was 4.33 hectares. During kharif season the crops grown were cotton, soybean, pigeon pea, maize, black gram, green gram etc. During rabi season the crops grown were jawar, wheat, gram etc. Amongst summer crops groundnut was major crop grown by cultivators. Sugarcane, mosambi was the annual crops grown by cultivators. A study of per hectare labour utilization of soybean revealed that, hired human labour utilization was 28.32 man days while family labour utilization was 15.56 man days. Per hectare use of bullock labour was 8.74 pair days. Per hectare use of seed was 70.15 kg. Per hectare use of nitrogen, phosphorus and potash was 25.12 kg, 46.65 kg and 12.06 kg, respectively. Per hectare use of manures and plant protection chemical were 15.60 qt and 0.95 liters, respectively, net profit from soybean was 28862.18 and Yield of soybean main produce was 16.21 q/ha. With regard to marketing study, three types of marketing channels were Observed viz producer- village merchant- wholesaler- oil processer-(channel-I), producerwholesaler- oil processor- (channel-II) and producer-oil processer-(channel-H3). Maximum quantity of soybean was sold through channel II. Marketing cost was - higher in channel-I and minimum in channel-HI. Producers share in consumer rupee was maximum in channel-III (98.83 per cent) while it was minimum in channel-I (83.14 per cent). Non availability of labour at the time of harvesting, Lack of knowledge about improved practices, Weed problem, Attack of pest and diseases. High rate of inputs were major constraints of soybean growers.
Subject: Agricultural Economics
Theme: Agriculture
These Type: M.Sc
Issue Date: 2014-07-17
Appears in Collections:Thesis

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