Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://krishikosh.egranth.ac.in/handle/1/5810045316
Authors: KANCHANA AMATHE
Advisor: Dr. (Mrs.) USHA MALAGI
Title: RISK FACTORS AND IMPACT OF NUTRITION COUNSELLING FOR CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
Publisher: University of Agricultural Sciences Dharwad
Language: en
Type: Thesis
Pages: 137
Agrotags: null
Keywords: RISK FACTORS AND IMPACT OF NUTRITION COUNSELLING FOR CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
Abstract: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels. An investigation was undertaken with an objective to assess the risk factors, nutritional status and to plan suitable dietary guidelines for CVD patients. About 150 CVD patients were selected from local hospitals of Huballi and Dharwad. Nutrition counselling was given to 30 selected CVD patients. Knowledge, diet related modification and practices were assessed before and after the nutrition counselling. The results of the study revealed that more than 50 per cent of subjects were overweight, one third of subjects had abdominal obesity and more than half of subjects were non-vegetarians and consumed ghee, butter and meat twice a week, fruits occasionally. The intake of foods was lower than the suggested balanced diet except for the intake of fat. The intake of macronutrients was adequate and that of micronutrients was poor. Sedentary life style, higher body weight, higher consumption of fatty foods and other co-morbidities like diabetes, hyperlipidemia, hypertension and stress were positively and significantly correlated with CVD. Maximum patients in counselling groups had low knowledge scores (43.33%). After the nutrition counselling knowledge levels were improved. About 73.33 per cent of subjects showed positive improvement in their dietary and life style practices after the nutrition counselling viz., restricted the intake of whole milk, fried foods, butter and ghee consumption and increased intake of fruits, vegetables, cereals, pulses, millets, fruits and inclusion of flax seeds and fenugreek seeds in diet. Along with dietary changes there was an improvement in the lifestyle practices viz., regular exercise, restricting smoking and alcohol consumption. It can be concluded that abdominal obesity, sedentary lifestyle, vices viz., smoking and alcohol consumption. Co-morbidities viz., obesity, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemic and stress were the important risk factors for CVD. Nutrition counselling is useful in management of CVD.
Subject: Food and Nutrition
Theme: RISK FACTORS AND IMPACT OF NUTRITION COUNSELLING FOR CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
These Type: M.Sc
Issue Date: 2015-06
Appears in Collections:Thesis

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