Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://krishikosh.egranth.ac.in/handle/1/5810039311
Authors: LUONG NGOC TRUNG LAP
Editor: Tilekar, S.N.
Title: ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF PRODUCTION-PRICES RELATIONSHIP AND EXPORT OF MAJOR FRUITS FROM MAHARASHTRA STATE
Publisher: Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri.
Language: en
Type: Thesis
Pages: 294pp
Agrotags: null
Keywords: Major Fruits
Abstract: The present investigation was undertaken to examine the trends in area, production, supply-price relationship, export performance, determinants of export'and export competitiveness of major fruits from Maharashtra state. The study is based on secondary data obtained from National Horticultural Board, Maharashtra State Horticulture and Medicinal Plants Board, Director of Horticulture and Maharashtra State Agricultural Marketing Board for the period of 15 years i.e. 1992 to 2006. The important fruit crops e.g. banana, orange, grape, mango and sapota were selected. The markets viz; Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur were selected for the present study. The compound growth rates were estimated for area, production, arrivals, prices, export quantity and export value of fruit crops. Linear regression functions were estimated to study the relationship between arrivals and prices. The factors influencing the quantity of export of major fruits were studied by using the multiple regression function. The export competitiveness of major fruits were estimated by using nominal protection coefficient as a measure of competitiveness. The area and production of fruits in Maharashtra were 265.5 thousand hectares and 2,636.5 thousand tonnes in the year 1990 and it increased to 11,370.0 thousand hectares and 10,252.3 thousand tonnes in the year 2005, respectively. The annual growth rates of area and production under fruit crops during the period 1991-92 to 2005-06 was as high as 12.31 and 7.74 per cent, respectively. Among the fruit crops, highest growth rate of area and production was observed for sapota (23.88 and 20.53 per cent). The study revealed that the growth rate in production of almost all the fruits was satisfactory. The highest increase in price of major fruits was noticed for orange. The annual compound growth rates of orange prices were 13.19, 8.26 and 7.25 per cent per annum in the Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur markets, respectively. During the period 1992 to 2006, the annual average arrivals and prices of all fruits i.e. banana, orange, grape, mango and sapota in Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur markets had increased, except banana arrivals in Pune market and sapota arrivals in Nagpur market had declined. The highest annual compound growth rates of arrivals were recorded for mango (20.98 per cent) in Mumbai, grape (17.26 per cent) in Mumbai, orange (15.84 per cent) in Nagpur market and sapota (11.89 per cent) in Mumbai market. The correlation coefficients were observed to be negative and significant between arrivals and prices of banana for the months of February, August and September in Pune market; for orange only in the month of March in Pune market; for grape in the months April, May in Pune and during the period of three months i.e. February to April in Nagpur market; for mango only in the month of June in Pune market and for sapota for the month of January in Nagpur market. The coefficients of correlation between selected markets for prices of major fruits i.e. banana, orange, grape, mango and sapota in Maharashtra state during the period of 1992-2006 were more than 0.80 to 0.99; indicating that the existence of a high level spatial integration between different markets under consideration. The coefficients of determination (r2) values for arrivals functions of banana, orange, grape and sapota were in the range of 0.21 to 0.56. It had indicated the price factor alone contributed in the range of 21 to 56 per cent in variations of arrivals of these fruits in Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur markets. However, the coefficients of determination (r2) values for arrivals functions of mango were noticed to be low and the price factor did not affect the arrivals of mango in Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur markets, greatly. The export performance of major fruits indicated that the quantum of fresh fruit viz; banana, orange, mango and grape exported were to the tune of 0.17, 3.31, 12.60 and 5.77 thousand tonnes in the year 1990 which had increased to 8.65, 18.24, 45.24 and 48.52 thousand tonnes in the year 2005, respectively. The highest per cent change in quantity exported was that of banana (36,748.43 per cent) along with its value (4,865.42 per cent). The growth rate in value export of almost all the fruit crops was higher than mat of quantity export during the last fifteen years. Among fruit crops, highest growth rate of quantity and value export were observed for banana (25.34 and 33.46 per cent), followed by orange (13.54 and 20.28 per cent), mango (8.63 and 7.88 per cent) and grape (7.84 and 14.64 per cent), respectively. The factors influencing the exports of different fruits had explained 75 to 94 per cent of the variations in the export of fruits from Maharashtra. In case of orange and grape only 'time' factor was important and significant while in case of banana, the factor post-WTO period was significant. In case of mango exports, the variables 'time' and 'lagged average international price' were found to be significant. The nominal protection coefficients values of banana and grape export competitiveness in all scenarios were less than one during the last fifteen years. It had revealed that, there is competitiveness of banana and grape in the global market. However, export of mango and orange did not had comparative advantage in the world market as the nominal protection coefficients values of orange export competitiveness in all scenarios were more than one. Policy implication arising out of the present study suggest that there is need to have adjustment in production schedule of fruits as far as possible and reform in marketing system i.e. initiation of growers marketing co-operatives, more intervention of public and private sectors like MSAMB, NHB, Reliance, ITC etc... Exportable quantity of fruits have to be improved and exports to be made to selected countries where net returns realised are highest.
Description: Ph.D.
Subject: Agricultural Economics
Issue Date: 2008
Appears in Collections:Thesis

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