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|Title:||ECONOMICS OF PRODUCTION AND MARKETING OF FIG IN PUNE DISTRICT|
|Publisher:||Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri.|
|Abstract:||An attempt has been made to estimate costs, returns, resource productivities and use efficiencies, to examine the marketing practices, marketing costs, price spread, price behaviour and to identify the problems faced by the sample fig growers in the production and marketing of fig in Pune district. Keeping in view the highest acerages under fig, Purandar, Bhor and Haveli tahsils from Pune district were purposively selected. Six villages viz., Sonari, Dive, Shindewadi, Velu, Gogalwadi, Shivapur were selected. Five cultivators each from small, medium and large size groups from these six villages were selected randomly. Thus, the total sample of 90 fig growers were selected for the study. The primary data collected for the agricultural year 2006-07 were analysed by using simple tabular method and also functional analysis was carried out in order to study the resource productivies in fig cultivation. The per hectare net cost of establishment was Rs. 52,873.34. The major items of cost were cost on account of manure and manuring, inter culturing, fertilizer, interest on fixed capital and cuttings. The annual per hectare cost of cultivation of fig was Rs. 94774.40 of which Cost 'A' and Cost 'B' constituted 63.00 and 80.01 per cent, respectively. The results of the estimated Cobb-Douglas production function showed that total human labour, manure, nitrogen, plant protection and irrigation charges were positive and significant influencing the yield of fig. The marginal productivities of the factors like human labour, manure and nitrogen indicated greater scope to increase the use of these factors in fig cultivation till the optimum point of their use is reached. Assembling, grading, packing, transportation, buying and selling were the important practices followed in fig marketing. The average per quintal marketing cost was Rs. 580.86. The major items of marketing cost were commission charges, packing material, transport charges etc. The producers share in consumers rupee was 58.60 per cent for the produce sold in Pune market and it was 63.03 per cent for the produce sold in Mumbai market. The arrival of fig were more during the months of April and May and lowest in the month of August and September in Pune market. The prices of fig were observed more during January, February and April in Pune market. The major problems faced by growers in production of fig were non-availability of labour, no supply of electricity during day time, high charges of labour, non availability of water during March to June, severe attack of leaf rust etc., while in the case of marketing, the major constraints were lack of cold storage facilities, non return of packing material, high commission charges, lack of market information etc. The study therefore suggest that effort should made for adequate and timely supply of inputs like quality planting material, fertilizers etc at the reasonable rate and also research should undertaken on development of varieties which are resistant to leaf rust with higher productivity and suitable for fresh market. The study also suggests that fig growers should take only 'Meetha bahar' i.e. from January to May so that they can produce the quality fruits with minimum risk. Research work should undertaken for standardizing dehydration process of fig thereby the fig dehydration cost will be minimized and the producers will come forward for processing. Government should implement the policies for the establishment of processing units of fig in the major producing areas through SHGs and also provides necessary infrastructural facilities such as cold storage. For getting remunerative prices, fig growers should come together and form co-operative marketing society.|
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis|
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