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Authors: Mahendra Tanwar
Advisor: Dr. T.K. Gahlot
Title: Radiological Diagnosis Using Computed Radiography for Thoraco-abdominal Disorders of Bovines
Publisher: Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences Bikaner-334001
Language: en
Type: Thesis
Agrotags: null
Abstract: The thoraco-abdominal disorders were recorded in 183 animals out of which 136 were cattle and 47 were buffaloes. The highest incidence recorded was of traumatic pericarditis (37.71%) followed by diaphragmatic hernia (16.39%), foreign body syndrome (13.12%), traumatic reticuloperitonitis (12.02%), hydrothorax (9.29%), extra thoracic foreign body abscess and pneumonia (2.73%, each), reticular abscess, space occupying lesions in lung, thoracic foreign body abscess (1.64%, each) and diaphragmatic abscess (1.09%). All affections occurred in female animals either recently parturited (105) or advanced pregnancy (73) and non pregnant (5). The diverse thoracoabdominal disorders were diagnosed based on clinical signs. Radiological diagnosis was made using computed radiography to evaluate the underlying pathology and corroborated with the clinical diagnosis. Fluid accumulation in pericardial sac and penetrating metallic foreign body in cranial reticulum or in caudal thorax in traumatic pericarditis were clearly seen using computed radiography. Broken diaphragmatic dome with herniation of reticulum in thoracic cavity and obscured cardiac silhouette in diaphragmatic hernia, radiopaque penetrating/ non penetrating objects in the reticulum in cases of foreign body syndrome due to non penetrating foreign bodies, traumatic reticuloperitonitis and extra thoracic foreign body abscess were also easily detected using computed radiography. Similarly, horizontal fluid line due to presence of excessive pericardial/pleural effusion and gas-fluid interface in hydrothorax condition; radiopaque reticular abscess surrounded by gas filled area and radiopaque penetrating metallic foreign bodies in reticular abscess; areas of increased density in lung and coarse and indistinct bronchial pattern in pneumonia; circumscribed soft tissue/fluid opacities in thoracic area in space occupying lesions in lung; gas-fluid interface and radiopaque penetrating foreign bodies in thoracic foreign body abscess were also clearly visualised in computed radiography. Haematological examination of diverse thoraco-abdominal disorders revealed anaemia, neutrophilia and lymphocytopaenia in majority of cases. The management of diverse thoraco-abdominal disorders was done where ever required by surgico-therapeutic treatment i.e. rumenotomy, diaphragmatic herniorrhaphy, pericardiotomy, pericardiocentesis, thoracocentesis and therapeutic treatment. Most of the cases of foreign body syndrome, traumatic reticuloperitonitis, reticular abscess, pneumonia, extra thoracic foreign body abscess were recovered successfully and the animals came back into production. However, cases of traumatic pericarditis and hydrothorax condition have grave prognosis although, the duration of survival was extended ranged for 3 days to 4 weeks. Computed radiography gave conclusive diagnosis for thoraco-abdominal disorders and played a pivotal role in managing the appropriate surgical treatment for the case.
Subject: Veterinary Surgery
Theme: Radiological Diagnosis Using Computed Radiography for Thoraco-abdominal Disorders of Bovines
These Type: M.V.Sc.
Issue Date: 2016
Appears in Collections:Thesis

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