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|Authors:||ULHAS, Miss. GOSAVI PRANALI|
|Title:||EFFECT OF ORGANIC MANURES WITH BIOFERTILIZER ON GROWTH, YIELD AND QUALITY OF TOMATO HYBRID RTH-2|
|Publisher:||MAHATMA PHULE KRISHIVIDYAPEETH, RAHURI-413 722, DIST. AHMEDNAGAR MAHARASHTRA STATE (INDIA)|
|Abstract:||The present investigation entitled, "Effect of organic manures with biofertilizer on growth, yield and quality of tomato hybrid RTH-2" was carried out at Tomato Improvement Scheme, Department of Horticulture, Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri during Kharif 2004. The experiment consisted of eleven treatments with three replications in randomized block design. FYM, cotton seed cake and poultry manure were applied in combination at 25, 50 and 75 per cent level of N source. Vermiphos and sulphate of potash were used as source of phosphorus and potassium, respectively. The quantity of P205 and K20 from organic manures were considered as bonus application in respective treatments. The objective of this experiment was to study the effect of some organic manures with biofertilizers on growth, yield and quality of tomato fruits, and find out an organic manure dose for tomato. The height of plant and number of branches were highest with inorganic fertilizers. The organic fertilizers also gave satisfactory results in this respect. The organic treatment gave early flowering and fruiting. The maximum yield was produced with organic treatment T3 consisting of FYM (50% N) + cotton seed cake (50% N) + vermiphos + sulphate of potash + package /Neem cake @ 200 kg/ha + Trichoderma viride @ 4 g/ha + Azospirillium @ 299 g/10 lit + PSB (200 g/10 lit. water +NSKE 4% (spray) + other organic spray]. The fruit characters viz., average weight of fruit, fruit shape index, pericarp thickness, TSS, acidity, ascorbic acid content, lycopene content were higher with organic manure treatments. Keeping quality/shelf life was better in organically grown fruits. The infestation of fruit borer and the incidence of late blight and spotted wilt virus were similar with organic and inorganic fertilizers. The chemical properties of soil viz., pH, EC and organic carbon were found to be better with organic manure treatments. The availability of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium was observed to be significantly higher with organic manure treatments. Thus, it could be concluded that, application of nutrient through the organic manures helped to improve quality of tomato fruits and yield with maintained soil health|
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis|
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