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|Authors:||Mali, Manoj Deelip|
|Title:||EFFECT OF ORGANIC MANURES ON YIELD AND QUALITY OF CUCUMBER (Cucumis sativus L.) CV. HIMANGI|
|Publisher:||MAHATMA PHULE KRISHI VIDYAPEETH, RAHURI - 413 722, DIST.AHMEDNAGAR, MAHARASHTRA, INDIA|
|Abstract:||Investigation on "Effect of organic manures on yield and quality of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) cv. Himangi" was carried out at Research Cum Instructional Farm, Department of Horticulture, Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri, during the summer and kharif seasons of 2003. The experiment was consisted of eleven treatments with three replications in randomized block design. FYM, cotton seed cake and poultry manure were applied in combination at 25, 50 and 75 per cent levels for N source. Vermiphos and Sulphate of potash were used as source of phosphorus and potassium, respectively. The quantity of P20s and K20 from organic manures were considered as bonus application in respective treatment. For kharif season, same layout of summer season was used. The objective of this experiment was to study the effect of various organic manure treatments on vine growth, flowering, yield and quality of fruits. The growth parameters such as length of vine and average number of internodes were better with organic manures. The lower node number of first female flower appearance, minimum number of days for 50 per cent flowering and lower sex ratio (male : female) were observed with organic manure treatments. The maximum yield was produced with organic manure treatment T9 consisting of Cotton seed cake (25 % N) + Poultry manure (75 % N) + Vermiphos + Sulphate of Potash + Package (Neem cake @ 200 kg/ha + Trichoderma viridae @ 4 g/kg + Azotobacter @ 200 g/10 kg + Azospirillum @ 200 g/10 kg + PSB @ 200 g/10 kg + NSKE 4 % (spray). Fruit characters viz., average weight, length, diameter and thickness of flesh of individual fruit were higher with organic manure treatments. As regards to the quality attributes such as keeping quality, the organically grown fruits showed superior performance. The chemical properties of soil viz., pH, EC and organic carbon content were found better with organic manure treatments. The availability of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium and there uptake were also observed significantly higher with organic manure treatments. Thus, it could be concluded that, application of organic manures helped to improve quality of cucumber fruits with better growth and yield|
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis|
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