Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://krishikosh.egranth.ac.in/handle/1/5810001850
Authors: SUNIL KUMAR, N
Advisor: ASHOK, T H
Title: TAGGING GENETIC DETERMINANTS FOR NUT WEIGHT AND SHELLING PERCENTAGE IN CASHEW (ANACARDIUM OCCIDENTALE L.)
Publisher: UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES GKVK, BENGALURU
Language: en
Type: Thesis
Pages: 269
Agrotags: null
Abstract: Cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.) is one of the important plantation crops in India, cultivated in the east and west coasts. It is a member of the family Anacardiaceae and native of Brazil. Cashew was introduced into India in the 16th century by the Portuguese (De Coata, 1578). From India, it was carried eastward to Amboina in Indonesia (Rumphius, 1962). Dispersal of the species to South-East Asia appears to have been carried by birds, bats, monkeys and human agents (Burkill, 1935; Johnson, 1973). Though cashew was originally introduced as a soil binder, in recent years it has assumed a pre-eminent position in Indian economy as the leading foreign exchange earner. During 2007- 2008 cashew was grown in 8,68,000 ha in India with an annual production of 665000 MT, with a productivity of 860 kg per hectare. Apart from kernels, by-products of cashew namely, cashew apple and Cashew Nut Shell Liquid (CNSL) are potentially important in local and international markets. Cashew nut shell liquid, a naturally occurring phenol, present in the honeycomb structure (mesocarp) between the outer shell (epicarp) and the inner shell (endocarp) of the cashew nut is used in the manufacture of paints, varnishes, brake lining material etc.
Subject: Biotechnology
Theme: TAGGING GENETIC DETERMINANTS FOR NUT WEIGHT
These Type: Ph.D
Issue Date: 2009-02-10
Appears in Collections:Theses

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