Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Authors:||Nikam, Jayant Vasantrao|
Kokate, Dr .A. S
|Title:||STUDIES ON SPACING - CUM - FERTILIZER REQUIREMENTS OF RED FRESH CHILLI (Capsicum annuum L.) CV. MUSALWADI|
|Publisher:||MAHATMA PHULE AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY RAHURI, DIST -Ahmednagar Maharashtra State. (India)|
|Abstract:||The present investigation was undertaken during the kharif season of 1989 at the Mahatma Phule Agricultural University, Rahuri, with a view to work out optimum plant spacing and nutritional requirements of chilli cv. Musalwadi. The experiment was laid out in a Factorial Randomised Block Design with thirty six treatment combinations, comprising of three spacings (45x45, 60x45 and 60x60 cm ) and twelve combination^of fertilizers (100:40:40, 100:40:80, 100:80:40, 100:80:80, 125:40:40, 125:40:80, 125:80:40, 125:80:80, 150:40:40, 150:40:80, 150:80:40, 150:80:80 kg NPK/ha). The plant height was significantly more in closer spacing of 45x45 cm, than in medium and wider spacing. But plant spread, volume, number of main branches, fresh and dry weights and percentage dry matter of shoot, length of fruits, weight of 100 fresh fruits, weight of seeds from 100 dried fruits were ignificantly higher in wider spacing of 60x60 cm. Highest yield by weight as well as by number of fruits resulted from closer spacing 45x45 cm. Spacing did not show any significant effect on fresh and dry weights of roots and their percentage of dry matter, shoot:root ratio, days required for 50 per cent flowering, diameter of fruits, vitamin ' C content, dryage percentage of fruits and available N, P and K in soil after harvesting. The growth contributing characters such as height, spread, volume, branches, fresh and dry weights of shoots, percentage dry matter of shoots and shoot:root ratio were significantly influenced by rtilizers,the higher values being resulted from fertilizer dose of 150:80:40 kg NPK/ha. The yield by weight and by number of fruits, length and diameter of fruits, weight of 100 fresh fruits, weight of seeds from 100 dried fruits were also maximum at the fertilizer dose of 150:80:40 kg NPK/ha. But the higher growth of roots resulted from 150:80:80 kg NPK/ha. The number of days required for 50% flowering were the lowest at 100:80:80 kg NPK/ha. The higher vitamin *C' content of fruits resulted from 150:40:80 kg NPK/ha while highest dryage percentage at 150:80:80 kg NPK/ha. The effect of fertilizers on N, P and K content of soil after harvesting was found to be non-significant. The results obtained in the present investigation indicated that the closer spacing of 45x45 cm and fertilizer dose of 150:80:40 kg NPK/ha gave the highest yield with better quality fruits and the same can be advocated for cv. Musalwadi on soils having very high potassium status.|
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.