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Karyotype of the Indian giant squirrel (Ratufa indica)
The Indian Giant squirrel syn. Malabar giant squirrel (Ratufa indica) is an uppercanopy dwelling mammal, endemic to southwestern, central and eastern peninsular India, found specifically in the Western Ghats, Satpuras and Eastern Ghats. It is seen at elevations of 180– 2300 m and is widely distributed1. The species has been classified under the Class, Mammalia; Order, Rodentia; Suborder, Sciuromorpha; family, Sciuridae; subfamily, Ratufinae; Genus, Ratufa and species Ratufa indica2. According to the IUCN, ver 3.1, R. indica is classified under the ‘Least Concern’ category, but its population shows a decreasing trend due to habitat loss3. It is also listed under the Schedule II of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) act, 1972.
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