A study of soil health management practices for sustainable agriculture
Shehrawat, P.S.
The present study aims at dealing with the farmers‟ awareness towards soil health, causes responsible for soil degradation, constraints, training needs of farmers and strategies for keeping the soil healthy and sound. The study was conducted in Haryana state. Haryana is divided into two Agro-Climatic zones such as North Eastern Zone and South Western Zone. From each zone two districts were selected purposively viz. Kurukshetra and Karnal from North-Eastern zone and Bhiwani and Rewari from South-Western zone. Further two blocks Thanesar and Babain from Kurukshetra; Karnal and Indri from Karnal; Siwani and Kairu from Bhiwani; and Khol and Bawal from Rewari were selected purposively having highest nutrient deficiency and 30 respondents will be selected randomly from each block. Thus, a total of 240 farmers were interviewed for this study. Majority of respondents (72.92%) belonged to productive age group and acquired education (90.00%) up to post graduate. Majority of the farmers had land holding up to 5 acres with rice-wheat (50.00%) cropping system. Majority of the respondents had low to medium level of mass media exposure and extension contact. It was observed that farmers‟ were well aware about soil texture, canal water is best for crops, nearest soil and water testing laboratory, SHC helps to indicate the soil health, zero tillage reduce the field preparatory, labor and fuel cost, timely irrigation enhance crop yield, INM increase the crop yield, excess pesticides use hazards, weed competes for light, water and nutrients etc., IFS helps to reduce the cost of production, crop diversification helps to reduce risk of crop failures, water harvesting reduces soil erosion, compost and vermin compost is best for vegetable crops, agro forestry provide healthy environment and extra income and organic farming reduces input cost. The major causes responsible for soil degradation were excessive use of chemical fertilizers and straw burning. Lack of soil and water testing facilities, inputs, high fertilizer cost, lack of knowledge about ETL, optimum climatic condition for biological agents, high rate of interest, lack of training and educational facilities, deteriorate of water quality in water harvesting, non-availability of earthworms, small and fragmented land holding, lack of interest among respondents due to long duration of returns were the major constraints in soil health management practices. The major training needs of farmers in crop residue management and in-situ residue management. The application of gypsum for sodic soil, land leveling, land use configuration and contour farming for sloppy land were found the most effective remedies for keeping the soil healthy and sound.
Extension Education
A study of soil health management practices for sustainable agriculture
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CCSHAU-375359-Pawan Kumar.pdf